The Prophet very often used to go and watch him do his work. Although of Arab descent, he was a convert to Christianity and was very well versed with the New Testament. Waraqa died three years later and the revelation continued for about 23 years. The allegation that these Jews and Christians were the source is perverse, since in these discussions Prophet Muhammad pbuh was performing the roles of a teacher and of a preacher while inviting them to embrace Islam and pointing out that they had deviated from their true teachings of Monotheism. Several of these Jews and Christians later embraced Islam.
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It was authenticated and written under his personal supervision. We will examine the roots of the myth which says that Usman r. The Prophet would immediately ask the scribes to write down the revelation he had received, and he would reconfirm and recheck it himself.
Prophet Muhammad pbuh was an Ummi who could not read and write. Therefore, after receiving each revelation, he would repeat it to his Companions. They would write down the revelation, and he would recheck by asking them to read what they had written.
If there was any mistake, the Prophet would immediately point it out and have it corrected and rechecked. Whenever a revelation was conveyed to his companions, the Prophet would also mention in which surah chapter and after which ayat verse this new revelation should fit.
The verses however, were written on separate pieces, scrapes of leather, thin flat stones, leaflets, palm branches, shoulder blades, etc. After the demise of the prophet, Abu Bakr r. These were tied with strings so that nothing of the compilation was lost.
Usman r. However what they wrote was not personally verified by the Prophet and thus could contain mistakes. All the verses revealed to the Prophet may not have been heard personally by all the Companions.
These were sent by Usman r. These might have been incomplete and with mistakes. These vowels are known as tashkil, zabar, zair, paish in Urdu and as fatah, damma and qasra in Arabic. If the pronunciation and the Arabic is the same, naturally, the meaning remains the same too. Context of verse is during battlefield Critics of Islam actually quote this verse out of context.
In order to understand the context, we need to read from verse 1 of this surah. It says that there was a peace treaty between the Muslims and the Mushriqs pagans of Makkah. This treaty was violated by the Mushriqs of Makkah. A period of four months was given to the Mushriqs of Makkah to make amends.
Otherwise war would be declared against them. But if I quote him in context, that he said it during a war, it will sound very logical, as he was trying to boost the morale of the American soldiers during the war. Shourie jumps from verse 5 to verse 7 Arun Shourie is one of the staunchest critics of Islam in India. After quoting verse 5 he jumps to verse 7 of Surah Taubah. Any sensible person will realise that he has skipped verse 6. Surah Taubah chapter 9 verse 6 gives the answer Surah Taubah chapter 9 verse 6 gives the answer to the allegation that Islam promotes violence, brutality and bloodshed.
In the present international scenario, even a kind, peace-loving army General, during a battle, may let the enemy soldiers go free, if they want peace. Answer: Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion. It believes in and adheres to uncompromising monotheism.
It believes that God is one, and unique in His attributes. But this does not mean that Islam believes in the existence of more than one God. Two types of plural In several languages, there are two types of plurals, one is a plural of numbers to refer to something that occurs in a quantity of more than one. The other plural is a plural of respect.
It does not indicate plural of number but plural of respect. Tawheed or monotheism is one of the pillars of Islam. Does this imply that God made a mistake and later on corrected it? Answer: 1. I agree with both the interpretations.
This group of people even wrongly believe that these verses contradict each other. Let us analyze a few such examples. This does not mean that the later verses that were revealed i.
Contradiction implies mentioning two things that cannot be possible simultaneously, or cannot take place simultaneously. If the last challenge cannot be fulfilled, the question of anyone fulfilling the other three more difficult challenges does not arise. Suppose I speak about a person that he is so dumb, that he would not be able to pass the 10th standard in school. Later I say that he would not be able to pass the 5th standard, and further say that he would not be able to pass even the 1st standard.
Finally I say that he is so dull that he would not even be able to pass K. One has to pass kindergarten before one can be admitted to school. What I am stating is that the person is so dull as to be unable to pass even kindergarten. My four statements do not contradict each other, but my last statement i.
If a person cannot even pass kindergarten, the question of him passing the first standard or 5th or 10th, does not arise. Gradual prohibition of intoxicants Another example of such verses is that related to gradual prohibition of intoxicants.
Many reforms that were brought about in the society were gradual. This was to facilitate the adoption of new laws by the people. An abrupt change in society always leads to rebellion and anarchy. The prohibition of intoxicants was revealed in three stages. The first revelation only mentioned that in the intoxicants there is great sin and some profit but the sin is greater than the profit.
The next revelation prohibited praying in an intoxicated state, indicating that one should not consume intoxicants during the day, since a Muslim has to pray five times a day.
This verse does state that when one is not praying at night one is allowed to consume intoxicants. It means one may have or one may not have. If this verse had mentioned that one is allowed to have intoxicants while not praying then there would have been a contradiction.
Allah swt chose words appropriately. Finally the total prohibition of intoxicants at all times was revealed in Surah Maidah chapter 5 verse This clearly indicates that the three verses do not contradict each other. Had they been contradicting, it would not have been possible to follow all the three verses simultaneously. Suppose I say that I do not live in Los Angeles. Later I say that I do not live in California.
This does not imply that these three statements contradict each other. Each statement gives more information than the previous statement. The third statement includes the information contained in the first two statements. Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy contradictions. What is the significance of such terms or phrases? There are 29 letters in the Arabic Alphabet if hamza and alif are considered as two letters and there are 29 surahs i.
These abbreviated letters some times occur alone, sometimes in a combination of two letters and sometimes in a combination of three, four or five letters. There are three combinations of three letters each occurring in 14 surahs.
Meanings of these abbreviated letters The meaning and purpose of these letters is uncertain. There have been a variety of explanations offered by Muslim scholars through the ages. A few among them are: i. These letters are not abbreviations but symbols and names of Allah or something else. These letters were used for rhyming. These letters have some numerical significance as the semitic letters also have numerical values.
These letters were used to attract the attention of the Prophet and later his audience. Several volumes have been written on the significance of these abbreviations. Best explanation of abbreviated letters: Of all the explanations given by various scholars, the one which is authentic and also supported by Tafsir of Ibne-Kathir, Zamakshari and Ibne-Taiymiyah is the following: The human body is composed of various fundamental elements that are found in nature.
Clay and dust are composed of the same fundamental elements. Yet it would be absurd to say that a human being is exactly the same as the dust. We can all have access to the elements that are found in the human body, and add a few gallons of water, which is the constitution of the human body. We know the elements in the human body and yet we are at a loss when asked the secret of life.
It is composed of the same letters that the Arabs used to express themselves most eloquently. This challenge is mentioned in Surah Isra chapter 17 verse 88 and in Surah Tur chapter 52 verse But if ye cannot — and of a surety ye cannot — then fear the fire whose fuel is men and stones — which is prepared for those who reject faith. If they are tailors they must be provided with the same fabrics.
The Arabs are noted for their rhetoric ability, eloquence and meaningful expression. Life cannot be created by us, even if we possess knowledge of the constituents of the human body. This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah. This gives an indication that the earth is flat. Does this not contradict established modern science?
Non-Muslims’ Common Questions about Islam
Answer: Kaaba is the Qibla i. It is important to note that though Muslims face the Kaaba during prayers, they do not worship the Kaaba. Muslims worship and bow to none but Allah. Turn then thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque: wherever ye are, turn your faces in that direction. Islam believes in fostering unity For instance, if Muslims want to offer Salaah Prayer , it is possible that some may wish to face north, while some may wish to face south.
20 Most Common Questions About Islam
It was authenticated and written under his personal supervision. We will examine the roots of the myth which says that Usman r. The Prophet would immediately ask the scribes to write down the revelation he had received, and he would reconfirm and recheck it himself. Prophet Muhammad pbuh was an Ummi who could not read and write. Therefore, after receiving each revelation, he would repeat it to his Companions.
Most Common Questions Asked By Non-Muslims by Dr Zakir Naik
Why is a man allowed to marry more than one wife in Islam? Or why is polygamy allowed in Islam? Answer: 1. Definition of Polygamy Polygamy means a system of marriage whereby one person has more than one spouse.
Answers To Non Muslims Common Questions About Islam