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They ruled with the aim of fostering and strengthening the religious traditions established by the Prophet. The Fatimids Imams oversaw an unparalleled period of Islamic history in terms of its political, economic, literary, artistic and scientific achievements. Seven pillars The Dawoodi Bohras follow the Seven pillars of Ismaili Islam adhering to the tradition of Fatimid Dawat: Walayah guardianship of the faith , Taharah purity , salat prayer , Zakat alms-giving , Sawm fasting , Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca , and Jihad struggle.
Dawoodi Bohra 52nd Dai Sayyedna Mohd. Each al-Dai al-Mutlaq has appointed a successor in his own lifetime to carry on the mission in the name of the imams with all the authority and power inherent in that high office. Numerous Qardhan Hasana fund schemes have been established, many working at the local jamaat level and others working at a national level in various countries.
In , Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin donated more than Rs. This ceremony, obligatory for every Bohra who wishes to be part of the community, is a covenant between the believer and God, effected through his representative on earth. In addition to spelling out the duties a believer owes to Allah, it includes an oath of allegiance: a vow to accept the spiritual guidance of Syedna wholeheartedly and without reservation. The mithaq oath is first taken at whatever age a child is deemed to have reached maturity: most commonly, thirteen years for girls, fourteen or fifteen for boys.
During early puberty, a child will be brought by his or her parents for an interview with the local amil. The amil asks the youth a series of questions about the Bohra faith, and only after providing adequate answers will the child be accepted for mithaq. On the eighteenth day of the Islamic month of zyl-Hajj, every Bohra congregation renews its mithaq vows together. In this calendar, the lunar year has days.
The odd-numbered months have 30 days and the even-numbered months have 29 days, except in a leap year when the 12th and final month has 30 days. The present office is in Badri Mahal, Mumbai, which is represented by Jamaat Committees in all the cities with significant numbers of Dawoodi Bohra members. The Aamil is the president of the local Jamaat committee in his respective city. He is appointed by the Dawat—e-Hadiyah, with the permission of the Dai al Mutlaq.
There are several sub committees and trusts under the Jamaat committee, looking after different aspects of Dawoodi Bohra administration. In addition to the local languages, the Dawoodi Bohras have their own language called Lisan al-Dawat. Dress Dawoodi Bohras have a distinct form of attire.
Men of the faith traditionally wear a predominantly white three-piece outfit consisting of a form of tunic called a kurta, an overcoat of equal length called a saaya, and pants or trousers called Izaar.
Men also wear a white cap with golden designs called a topi. Bohra men are expected to adhere to the practice of the Prophet of growing a full beard. Each course of the meal is served for the people around the thaal to share. Once everyone is seated, one serving member walks with water in a chelamchi lota a kind of basin and jug for everyone to wash their hands. At community feasts, they have desserts or meethas first and starters or khaaras next, followed by the main meal.
The emphasis is on not allowing even a single grain to go to waste. As a first step, the dana committee has developed RSVP apps and other web and mobile based platforms where invitees to a communal meal inform in advance if they will be able to attend. The main office is currently located in Badri Mahal, Mumbai , India. Dawoodi Bohras communities or jamaats are centered around a Masjid or mosque or markaz centre where there is no masjid.
Jamaat Committees - or Anjumans - operate all around the world where Dawoodi Bohra members live and work. Bohra communities have populations ranging from around one hundred to tens of thousands in major cities. The Amil is the president of the local Anjuman in his respective city.
As its head, the Amil administers and manages the socio-religious affairs of the jamaat. The Amil leads prayers and gives discourses. Communal meals are served in dining halls called the jamaat khaana, which are generally part of the mosque complex. Education and educational institutes During the 20th century, the Syednas established colleges, schools and madrasas in villages, towns and cities all around the world. A third campus was established in Nairobi, Kenya in , and in a fourth campus was established in Marol Mumbai , Maharashtra.
The 51st Dai Syedna Taher Saifuddin introduced modern subjects including sciences and arts to the curriculum in and renamed the academy Al Jamea tus Saifiyah. He also made it an International Baccalaureate Office. Currently, there are 25 branches of the school worldwide.
Environment Protection The Bohra faith places great importance on protecting and enhancing the natural environment and raising awareness of the need for sustainable development. Nazafat or cleanliness is an integral component of Islamic faith, and members of the Bohra community are urged to engage in clean-up drives, tree planting and other green initiatives to foster and promote a clean living environment wherever they reside; to avoiding waste and pollution; to recycle; and to nurture all forms of life.
The Burhani Foundation seeks to enhance the natural environment through tree planting, water pollution controls, promoting techniques for sustainable development, raising public awareness and funding research.
Bohras regularly lead practical efforts to protect, enhance and clean-up the natural environment where they live, while raising awareness among the wider community of the need for sustainable development. Project Rise takes its inspiration from the teachings of Islam and the Prophetic traditions, which instruct Muslims to work for the betterment of others. In September , Bohra volunteers helped people to recover from the devastating flooding and landslides in Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat by providing meals and essential supplies to affected families.
For centuries, Bohras around the world have been living their daily lives according to these principles, regularly taking practical action to support members of society who most need help.
Bohra communities regularly organize food drives to feed the homeless and hungry in cities throughout the world. In October , Bohras in North America marked United Nations World Food Day by undertaking a range of Project Rise initiatives, including donating to local food banks and helping to feed vulnerable members of society.
In March and April , Bohra communities throughout the world donated significant volumes of food to local charities that were supporting economically vulnerable people most impacted by COVID The project comprising Once completed all residential and commercial tenants will become owners to their premises. The Dai al Mutlaqs and other pious dignitaries of the faith have been laid to rest in mausolea where thousands of community members visit every year, in Yemen and India.
Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin , served the dawat for 50 years. His main policy was one of Islamization, countering the modernizing tendencies of his predecessor  Under his rule, a system of strict social control was developed using modern means of communication. According to Jonah Blank , women of the Bohra faith are among the best-educated women in the Indian subcontinent.
As a result, the convictions were upheld, and the defendants received custodial sentences of at least 11 months.
The first ten days of this month are marked by Bohras to commemorate the martyrdom of Husain ibn Ali , the grandson of Muhammad. This is the day on which Husain and his family and 72 of his companions and family were mercilessly killed by the army of Yazid I at the Battle of Karbala on his orders.
The event takes place in every Bohra community worldwide along the same lines in terms of time and duration. Selected discourses by the Syedna are broadcast live from wherever he happens to be that year. Immediately thereafter, the first Canadian masjid was inaugurated by Dr. Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin in Toronto. Mohammed Burhanuddin inaugurated the Houston masjid in , which was reconstructed into a larger masjid that is four times the size of the original.
This new masjid was inaugurated in Oct, by Mufaddal Saifuddin. In June Masjid-ul-Badri in Chicago was inaugurated. President George W. Bush also sent a letter from the White House.
Torchbearer of a scholarly legacy Dr. Abbas H. Hamdani passed away, peacefully and at home, on December 23rd, He was buried on December 26, It is a sadness that is mixed with gratitude for having known him, and for being inspired by his example. We have gathered this material in one place to provide easy access, and a starting point. Do yourself a favour, read this today.