She propounded that civil rights, religious freedoms, and political independence were all inter-related issues and worked relentlessly for the upliftment of women. She pioneered the cooperative movement which helped raise the socio-economic status of women around the country. Born on April 3, in Mangalore now Mangaluru , Kamaladevi was married at the age of 14 and was widowed two years later. She then traveled to London to further her education and after her return to India, joined the Indian National Congress in Her career was one of many firsts -- from being the first woman to be arrested by the British for selling contraband salt, to becoming the first woman to run for Legislative office.
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Her father was the District Collector while her mother was a successor of an aristocrat family at that time. It was much easier for Kamaladevi to inherit all of the knowledge that her ancestors had. Kamaladevi was the youngest child among four children in the family. She was a phenomenal student since childhood.
She got married at early age when she was 14 years old. Unfortunately, she got windowed after a couple of years. After her second marriage at the age of 20, she went to London with her husband and completed her diploma in Sociology from London. After that she came back to India to join Gandhiji in his non co-operation movement in the year She was the youngest one. At the age of 14 she got married to Krishna Rao, however, got widowed at After that she went to college where she met Harindranath Chattopadhyay and got married to him when she was 20 years old.
Their only son Ramakrishna Chattopadhyay was born after a year of their marriage. She showed her interest in independence streak that she got from her maternal ancestors. She was interested in arts, music and several cultural activities since she was in college. It is the art that made her befriend with her husband Harindranath.
At that period of time it was not easy to continue with arts and cultural activities. She, along with her husband, had still managed to write several plays and skits that encouraged independence movements. She went to London and finished her studies there. After that when he came to know about Mahatma Gandhi Ji led Non Cooperation Movement, she came back to India to join the movement in the year She joined Seva Dal in India and started training and guiding women from all corners of the nation to make them Sevikas of the dal.
She made them independent workers under her expert guidance. In the year , she led Madras Provincial Legislative Assembly and ran the assembly as head. She was the first woman head who ran legislative assembly. After a few years she lost her seat. That was the same year, when Irwin College was established for women in Delhi.
In , she joined Gandhiji in his Salt Satyagraha Movement. She was arrested when she was distributing packet of salts which was a part of the movement. She came to forefront as a strong freedom fighter when she grasped the tricolour in order to save it from a fight took place. After independence she went to Faridabad to save innumerable refugees who have suffered due to partition. She relentlessly worked at that time to settle them and find them home.
After she started working on aspects that could make India independent of western products. Ramon Magsaysay Award: She won Ramon Magsaysay Award in the year for her contribution towards community leadership in the nation.
Sangeet Natak Akademi: She won Ratna Sadsya, the highest award in Sangeet Natak Akademi and the fellowship of the Akademi which is also a highly respected award of all time. Shantiniketan in West Bengal too had awarded her with Desikottoma for the same. Book List.
Email Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was an Indian activist, who was involved in the support and development of Indian handicrafts, including textiles and embroidery. Her parents were regarded as intellectual liberals, and were actively involved in various political especially nationalist movements. Kamaladevi was married in to Krishna Rao when she was 14 years old.
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay: 5 Facts About India's First Woman To Run For Legislative Office
She was born in an intellectual family to Ananthaiah and Girijabai Dhareshwar in Mangalore. Even though well off, the sudden death of her father caused turmoil in the family, and Mrs. Dhareshwar lost her rightful inheritances. To reduce the responsibilities of the widow, Kamaladevi was married even when she was a child, and she herself became a widow, before understanding the meaning of a marriage! The young girl had to face the scorn of an orthodox society, as the status of a widow was miserable then.
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay – the Torchbearer of Indian Crafts
Early life[ edit ] Born on 3 April in Mangaluru , Kamaladevi was the fourth and youngest daughter of her parents. Her father, Ananthayya Dhareshwar, was the District Collector of Mangalore, and her mother, Girijabai, from whom she inherited an independent streak, belonged to a land-owning Chitrapur Saraswat brahmana family from coastal Karnataka. Together, their presence in the household gave Kamaladevi a firm grounding and provided benchmarks to respect for her intellect as well as her voice, something that she came to be known for in the future. Kamaladevi was an exceptional student and also exhibited qualities of determination and courage from an early age. Her parents befriended many prominent freedom fighters and intellectuals such as Mahadev Govind Ranade , Gopal Krishna Gokhale , and women leaders like Ramabai Ranade , and Annie Besant.