Working Memory Span Measures 2 Introduction What do tasks such as calculating the appropriate amount to tip your cab driver, mentally rearranging the luggage in your car trunk to see if you can cram in that one extra suitcase, reading the latest murder mystery by your favorite crime writer, all have in common? On the surface, these tasks appear to be quite different because the first involves skill at doing mathematical calculations, the second involves skill at spatial manipulations, and the third involves skill at reading comprehension. But these tasks have at least one important feature in common—they all depend on the temporary storage of information while new information is being processed. Of course, you could always resort to external storage aids such as your fingers or pen and paper. But if you are more adept at math problem solving, you will likely keep track of the intermediate results mentally.
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Individual differences in working memory and reading. The subjects in the test consisted of 20 undergraduates. The subjects were given 4 tests: — a a reading span test to measure their working memory span, — b a traditional word span test, — c a reading comprehension test that asked questions about facts and d pronominal references. Remembering that the the distance of a pronoun reference question to the noun was several sentences shows us that the working memory is directly related to comprehension.
The readers were able to hold on to pronoun information referential process ,until the referant noun appeared in the passage and were able to answer comprehension questions with ease.
Therefore, there is a positive correlation between working memory capacity and comprehension. How do the students with different working memory spans perform on reading comprehension tasks? The shorter the working memory, the poorer the comprehension. Span of 2 sentences. Subjects with different working spans showed huge differences in comprehension.
They are experiencing many processes that are encumbering the reading , perhaps even having to decode as they read.
Therefore, their working memory is affected and comprehension as well. There was no significant difference in the study as it related to just word span. Results indicate that reading span task is related to working memory capacity. Students develop reading skills through reading high interest texts on instructional and independent level.
Working memory and language comprehension: A meta-analysis.
Working memory and language comprehension: A meta-analysis
Working memory and comprehension: A replication
What do working memory span tasks like reading span really measure?